Known as the “city of the three cultures”, because Christians, Arabs and Jews lived together there for centuries, behind its walls Toledo preserves an artistic and cultural legacy in the form of churches, palaces, fortresses, mosques and synagogues. This great diversity of artistic styles makes the old quarter of the capital of Castile - La Mancha a real open-air museum, which has led to it being declared a World Heritage Site.
The Historic City of Toledo has recorded on the Official World Heritage List within the "Cultural Assets" since 1986 because of its landscapes, its geographic setting, the embedding of the river, the Cigarrales orchards, las Vegas lowlands, the location of the migmatite (ancient metamorphic rocks) city, its viewpoints (La Granja, Virgen de Gracia, Santa Leocadia, San Cristóbal).
The city of Toledo is placed at the top of a granite headland that the river Tajo, with a deeply embedded riverbed, surrounds and isolates on the east, south and west sides, while to the north it joins the Castile plateau along the district of La Sagra.
Its location is as original as Venice or Bruges.
In prehistory, there was a fall between the granitic rocks and clay and other soft layers which extend from the plain at the foot of the Guadarrama. The river dug the hard rock with an impressive cut. Thus was formed the rock squeezes and preserves the traditional city.
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